流行英文名
08月09日 608 次浏览

神马?英文名还和长相有关系?!//Is There A Connection Between Your Appearance and Name?

周五晚上你出去跟朋友吃饭,见面后朋友把你介绍给其他朋友。你向大家介绍自己说,“大家好,我是Sarah”,但是有个人一直盯着你,然后说“你看起来并不像叫Sarah的人,倒是像叫Jessica或其他名字,但绝不像Sarah。”你懵了,不知道怎么答。为什么会有人觉得你不像叫某个名字的人呢?更像叫另一个名字是什么意思呢?

虽然直接跟人说这名字跟你不像有那么一点不礼貌,不过发表在今年2月《性格与社会心理学杂志》(Journal of Personality and Social Psychology)的一篇文章表明外貌与长相确实有直接关系。

研究发现,让被调查者从五个名字中选出陌生人的名字,35%的人会选对。专家认为,相对于随机只有20%正确的概率来说,这是相当高的比例。

还有其他研究表明,名字相同的人通常在眼部周围和嘴角两个面部关键部位上呈现相似特征。耶路撒冷希伯来大学社会心理学家Yonat Zwebner的研究认为,受脸部肌肉影响,人们的外貌与名字会出现一定联系。比如,叫“Joy(意为欢乐)”的女孩可能会在父母或周围其他人的鼓励下经常笑,进而面部行成某种特征。

研究的另一结论是,假如选的名字与面部特征十分不符,很可能会带来负面影响。比如,亚洲男孩起Angus就不太合适。因此,名字有一定的社会含义,会向周围人传递某种信息,进而对你的印象产生或好或坏的影响。

“这说明人们会照着自己的名字去生活”,Zwebner说。“名字会在某些程度(虽然很小程度)影响我们的外貌,这点十分有趣。”

所以,文章开头那位无礼的朋友说的并不全错,名字与外貌之间的确有那么一些联系。虽然名字不会改变我们的基因,不会影响高矮、肤色,但的确会影响到周围人对我们的第一印象。

所以,在选择英文名的时候,最好先想想自己想给周围人留下什么样的印象。

假如你比较外向,“Bob”这个名字会比“Tim”更适合你,研究表明名叫Bob的人脸一般比Tim更圆显得更欢乐的样子。因此,叫Bob的人也会进而无意识地往这方面去塑造自己。

研究得出的男女性姓名与脸部特征图:
 

appearance 骂了、female

[图片来源: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology]

而在女性英文名中,Katherine给人的印象是靠谱、有能力、值得信赖。因此,此类社会期待会使得叫 Katherine的女性们更勤奋努力,进而影响到某些面部特征,比如看起来更为严肃专注。

总之,选择自己的英文名时,一定要考虑清楚自己想给周围人留下什么样的第一印象。最好英文名的专家们有着丰富经验,一定能帮你找到最满意、最符合你个性特征的英文名!
 

You go out on a Friday night to meet up with one of your friends and when you arrive they introduce you to the group at dinner. You go around and introduce yourself, “Hi, I'm Sarah,” but as you get to the last person they look at you and say “You don't look like a Sarah, maybe a Jessica maybe but not a Sarah.” You're confused and not sure exactly how to respond to that. Why would she think you look like a different name? What does it mean to look like a different name?

Now it's a little rude to openly tell someone that they don't look like their name but actually in a recent study published in February 2017 in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, researchers found a correlation between appearance and names.

They found that when people are shown a stranger's face and a choice of five names, they pick the right name about 35 percent of the time. According to experts, that a pretty good percentage, since random chance would be around 20 percent.

In the different studies, the scientists found that people with the same name tended to have similarities around their eyes and corners of their mouth, two key elements in our expressions. Yonat Zwebner, a social psychologist at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and author of the study speculates that people might be using their facial muscles to conform appearance to name. For example, a person with the name “Joy” might develop a certain look because her parents and society will encourage her to smile a lot since it goes with her name.

Another conclusion from the study was that if you don't pick the right name for a face, you're good at ruling out certain names, ie. Angus for an Asian guy. This study reinforces the idea that your name has a social meaning and can communicate specific impressions about you to the people around you, both positive and negative.

“The study implies that people live up to their given name,” said Zwebner. “The possibility that our name can influence our look, even to a small extent is intriguing.”

So your impolite friend at the start of this article isn't completely wrong that we do make connections between names and appearances. Now your name cannot change your genetic code, like make you taller or shorter or change your skin tone but your name does give others a first impression of you and your personality.

As you look to pick your English name, you have a chance to pick a name that best fits the impression you want to give to the people around you.

For example, if you're more outgoing, choose the name 'Bob' over 'Tim' as the study found that Bobs are expected by society to have a rounder more jovial face than someone named Tim. This assumption could lead to Bobs being more joyful and extroverted to meet that assumption.

Face Shapes for Male Names - found in the study:
 

male

Heat Map of Face Shapes for Female Names:

 

female

[Photo Credit: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology]

For women, if you're looking to be taken seriously, Katherine is largely considered to be the name of someone who is dependable and capable. These cultural expectations might help Katherines to be more studious and academic which could affect their facial expressions, for example, looking more serious from all their concentrating.

When you're picking your name, be sure to consider the impression it gives to the people around you. Our experts at Best English Name are trained to help you find the name that best fits your personality and goals.
 

你的看法